Through a combination of hard and soft power, the United States must pressure the Iraqi government to mend sectarian divides in order to counter ISIS and other extremist groups in the long run.
Although violent, ISIS’s attacks on minorities and cultural icons are not senseless—they are calculated attempts to challenge competing identities.
Since his instatement, President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi of Egypt has strategically directed security developments to shape domestic policy in a way that has garnered support for his administration and cemented its anti-Islamist posture, easing the advancement of the anti-Islamist agenda outside the country.
UAE foreign policy in Iraq and Syria is largely calculated as a part of the larger Emirati campaign against Islamism.
Without a political solution spurred on by regional actors, Libya will be unable to contain the spread of ISIS.