Interpol’s Transnational Challenge: How can Interpol be Strengthened?

By Rita Braga da Cruz


This paper will examine the role of Interpol as an international organization and how this institution has adapted to the challenge of globalization. With the expansion of international organizations in world politics after World War II, and with the impact of globalization after the Cold War, international relations became increasingly transnational and less state-centered. This reality has challenged traditional conceptions of world politics and forced academics to rethink international relations in a world increasingly dominated by international entities such as Interpol.The analysis of Interpol will begin with a brief introduction of the organization, followed by an assessment of the impact of globalization and of the rise of transnational crime on the international police’s capability to deter crime. The paper will then focus on an analysis of Interpol’s weaknesses and major frailties in its response to transnational crime. Several multidimensional recommendations will then be proposed to strengthen Interpol, and balance the organization’s effectiveness in light of the rise of criminal and terrorist non-state actors.

About the Author:

Rita Braga da Cruz was born in Lisbon, Portugal. She earned a law licentiate degree from the Catholic University of Portugal in 2010 and an advanced legal studies from the University of Warwick in 2011. In 2014 she obtained a graduate certificate in International Security Policy from George Washington University. She is currently interning at the United Nations Association-National Capital Area as a director for communications and advocacy in the Young Professionals Program.

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